© Kurt Domingo/WWF
Coral Triangle
Spanning 6-million-km² across Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Timor Leste and the Solomon Islands, the Coral Triangle is the global centre of marine biodiversity.

Within this nursery of the western Pacific Ocean live 76% of the world’s coral species - including nearly 600 different species of reef-building corals alone - six of the world’s seven marine turtle species, and more than 2,000 species of reef fish.

Above the waters, the natural resources from this area also serve as a source of food, livelihoods and income for the culturally diverse communities living across the area, directly sustaining over 130 million people with its ecosystem goods and services.  

However, current levels and methods of harvesting fish and other resources are not sustainable and place this important marine area and its people in jeopardy.

A changing climate threatens coastal communities and imperils fragile reefs. The challenge ahead is to develop sustainable solutions for the Coral Triangle’s inhabitants and protect one of the most diverse marine habitats on Earth at the same time.

What we are doing

By 2050, our vision is for the oceans and coasts of the Coral Triangle to be vibrant and healthy within a changing climate, building resiliency of communities, food security and contributing to improved quality of life, for generations to come. In collaboration with local communities, governments and other conservation and development organisations, we are:

  • Scaling up capacity building to recognise, document and share conservation knowledge systematically
  • Promoting sustainable fisheries to preserve ocean health and improve food security
  • Establishing multilateral partnerships between Coral Triangle nations to elevate commitments and plans of action for conservation and sustainable economies to the regional and national levels